Summer School on Speleothem Science

The Summer School on Speleothem Science (S4) aims to bring together students and experts from across the world to discuss the latest techniques and innovations, as well as help students to develop a broad and robust understanding of the traditional methods that form the basis of speleothem science (for example δ18O and δ13C time series). The Organising Committee feel that such a meeting is of immeasurable value to researchers new to the field, as well as to established experts.

Lectures held by international experts will be complemented by discussions and seminars on a range of speleothem-related topics, providing a lively and comprehensive Summer School. Practical experience will take the form of workshops, laboratory visits and a cave field trip. During poster sessions participants can present their own research to discuss and troubleshoot cutting-edge ideas.

This week long international summer school was held in August 2015 at the School of Earth Sciences, University of Oxford.

Summer School website for more information: 


  1. Practical issues in Cave and Speleothem Science (Christoph Spötl)
  2. Organic Matter & Biomarkers (Andy Baker)
  3. Oxygen Isotopes (Chris Day)
  4. The Sources of Carbon in Speleothems (Jens Fohlmeister)
  5. Drip Composition and Stalagmite Growth Rates (James Baldini)
  6. Trace Elements (Ian Fairchild)
  7. Fluid Inclusions (Yves Krüger)
  8. Clumped Isotopes (Tobias Kluge)
  9. Dating Methods I (Larry Edwards)
  10. Dating Methods II (Hai Cheng)
  11. Speleothem growth vs. non-growth: what can they tell us? (Dominik Fleitmann)
  12. Multi-Proxy Approaches (Mira Bar-Matthews)
  13. Integrating Speleothem data with other Hydroclimate Records (David McGee)
  14. Speleothems from Coastal Karst Settings (David Richards)
  15. The Sun’s signature in the speleothem record (Michael Deininger)
  16. Case study: The Monsoon (Sebastian Breitenbach)
  17. Speleothems and Climate Models (Qiuzhen Yin)


  • Speleothem Petrography (Silvia Frisia)
  • COPRA (Sebastian Breitenbach)
  • OxCal (Chris Ramsay)